Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Business rule in India.
The globally use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western world as sleeping apparel for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted lessons, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of both sexes. It was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night time apparel, which is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is probable that we English took the habit like a excellent a lot of Other folks with the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually as a result of White Ants."[ten]
Traditional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from tender fabric, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In More South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but from the early 20-to start with century They may be somewhat scarce.
Modern day pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can More also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of shorter costume major over shorts or short pants.
Pajamas may today make reference to Ladies's mixture daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.